A gas turbine control system is a mechanical device that converts the chemical energy of a fuel, like, natural gas, into mechanical energy. The mechanical energy generated by the turbine shaft transfers through a gearbox to the generator’s shaft.
Therefore, electrical power generates!
The name gas turbine control system refers to the production of the hot gas during fuel combustion. However, it utilizes the different fuels, including fuel oils, the natural gas, and the synthetic fuels. In its process, an explosion occurs intermittently, which is a continuous process.
A gas turbine control is also famous as a combustion turbine and is a continuous and internal combustion engine. Its main functional elements contain an upstream revolving gas compressor, a combustor, and a downstream turbine on the same shaft as the compressor. Moreover, manufacturers use this component in gas turbines to increase the efficiency.
Similarly, it converts the power into mechanical or electrical form. Besides, it helps to achieve a more excellent thrust-to-weight ratio in an afterburning engine.
The Aircraft Gas Turbine Control System is deliberate for light aircraft with highly sophisticated mechanisms. However, its design requires maximum capacity or push with minimum weight and maximum fuel efficiency. Moreover, a gas turbine in a plane has roller bearings that require exotic metallurgy and high firing temperatures.
Therefore, people use it with a limited fuel variation. When you use an aircraft turbine engine in an industrial application, a shaft power generator combines with a separate power turbine.
An aircraft’s gas turbine engine comes in various types, with its maintenance and engine overhaul requirements.
Any gas turbine control engine consists of:
- An air inlet
- Combustion section
- Compressor section
- Exhaust section
- Turbine section
- Accessory section
Moreover, you require different systems to start, lubricate, supply fuel for the system, and do other tasks like ice protection, cooling, and pressurization.
Working principle of gas turbine
The working of a turbine control is less complex, and you can easily understand it. Moreover, it operates with intake, compression, extension, and exhaust cycle. Usually, in any gas turbine, the air is compressed by a compressor and then driven through a combustion chamber.
Also, it burns fuel continuously for high-temperature and high-pressure gas processing. Then burn the air/fuel gas, and expansion occurs, generating rotary energy used in the preceding stage. Moreover, an output shaft uses the remaining power.
Applications of Gas Turbine Power Plant:
After understanding the benefits of gas turbine control systems, you must know the systems’ application.
People use a gas turbine system to power aircraft, pumps, trains, ships, electrical generators, gas compressors, tanks, etc. Furthermore, let’s go deep into the various applications of a gas turbine system.
- You can use gas turbine plants to produce electricity.
- Gas turbines are of different types according to the requirement, such as small, medium, and large sizes.
- People use this system in turbopumps and rotary compressors.
- Moreover, you can use it in aircraft.
- You can also find it in heavy engines like diesel engines.
- Furthermore, the manufacturer uses it in marine engines.