Pregnancy complications are nothing uncommon. Every single pregnancy includes risk factors. Pre-eclampsia is when an expectant mother develops high blood pressure after the 20th week of gestation. It’s one of such complications. Regular health checkups are, therefore, crucial.
The condition may include an associate sign like excess protein in the urine. In many cases, pre-eclampsia develops after delivery, known as postpartum preeclampsia. If you have severe headaches, shortness of breath, pain in the upper belly, or blurry visions, consult an expert without delay. You may visit one of the best gyne doctors in Siliguri.
What Causes Pre-Eclampsia?
Who Gets Pre-Eclampsia
Conditions that raise the likelihood of risks include:
- Pre-eclampsia in the previous gestation
- Autoimmune disorders
- Type 1, type 2 diabetes
- Chronic high blood pressure
- Kidney disease
- Multiple pregnancies
- Age over 35
- Complications in the previous pregnancy
- Being overweight/obesity
- Family history of pre-eclampsia
Complications of Pre-Eclampsia
The fetal well-being rests on the expectant mother’s health. Therefore, if you receive any health issues during this time, that might affect the fetus more or less. Be attentive to signs and symptoms. And make sure you do not take the stress. Your pregnancy gets successful delivery.
Let’s discuss the effect of poorly treated pre-eclampsia:
- Fetal developmental issues due to obstructed blood flow to the placenta. When the arteries get unable to carry nutrient-rich blood to the placenta that brings about slow growth in the fetus.
- Placental abruption is when the placenta gets separated from the wall of the uterus/womb before delivery. The placenta may detach partially or completely.
- Eclampsia is a complication of preeclampsia and refers to high blood pressure causing seizures during gestation or soon after the baby is born.
- Preterm birth or delivery before the 37th week of pregnancy can be another risk of preeclampsia. Now premature birth may contribute to vision issues, breathing difficulties, cerebral palsy, feeding problems, or growth issues in the baby.
Unmanaged preeclampsia may lead to further complications like heart disease, kidney damage, liver conditions, stroke, eye issues, lung issues, or brain injury. Another health hazard results from preeclampsia may include HELLP syndrome. Signs of this syndrome can be abdominal pain, edema, blurry vision, fatigue, quick weight gain, etc.
Signs & Symptoms of Preeclampsia
Many a time, signs of preeclampsia are not noticeable enough. Prenatal health checkups rule out the condition. Common signs are:
- High blood pressure
- Too much protein in the urine
- Swelling of face, hands
- Light sensitivity
- Blurry vision
- Low levels of blood platelets
- Shortness of breath
- Reduced urine production
You may not identify what leads to such discomforts. Seeing a doctor clears that up. Do always share symptoms you undergo during this phase with your health care provider. Schedule an appointment with the leading obstetrician in Siliguri to keep from pregnancy complications.
The primary condition often goes away with delivery. For a severe condition, doctors prescribe medications. Health monitoring with hospitalization may be needed. Know that you should not miss prenatal care in order to look after pregnancy.